Christchurch is a city in the province of Canterbury in the South Island of New Zealand that is often often known as one of the most English city beyond England. It's also referred to as the Garden City as it features a lot of spectacular gardens. The metropolis region carries a population of just below 400 000, which makes it the second largest city in New Zealand after Auckland. The Avon River goes through the center of the city with a lot of parks found along its banks with Hagley Park being a central characteristic of Christchurch. In the middle of the city is Cathedral Square having the landmark Anglican church that is currently being refurbished following earthquake problems.
The farming and agricultural industry is the economical core of Christchurch and the majority of the first business there was created to service that. Tourism has become additionally a considerable aspect for the local overall economy, with the city promoting themselves being a gateway to the South Island having its stunning surroundings, snow skiing as well as adventure tourism. It is also the hub to the Antarctic, with the city having a long reputation of participation in Antarctic research. There's an International Antarctic Centre which provides both base facilities and a museum with a visitors center. The United States Navy uses Christchurch Airport as the take-off point for the primary supply route to its McMurdo as well as Scott Bases in Antarctica.
There does exist some information that individuals first settled in the Christchurch location in close to 1250. Settlement became popular early in 1840 following the purchase of land in what is now Riccarton by the Weller siblings as well as a number of European settlers encouraged by Herriott and McGillivray set up themselves in what has become Christchurch, at the start of 1840. The Canterbury Association sailed The First Four Ships to carry 792 of the Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton Harbour. The sailing vessels were the Randolph, Charlotte Jane, Sir George Seymour, and Cressy. The Charlotte Jane arrived to begin with upon 16 December 1850. These Canterbury Pilgrims wished to create a city about a cathedral dependant upon the model of Christ Church in Oxford, hence the name of Christchurch.
A variety of serious situations have molded Christchurch. Back in %LINK%, a fire happened at Ballantyne's Department Store within the central city with 41 people being killed in a blaze that burnt down a group of buildings. It remains New Zealand's most severe fire disaster. Between September 2010 and January 2012 Christchurch had a number of serious earthquakes with the worst being on Tuesday 22 February 2011 with 185 people being killed and a huge number of buildings collapsing or enduring critical damages. Following the disaster over 1500 buildings in the city had been demolished, leading to a still continuing recuperation and restoring challenge. The city did experience some quick growth following the earthquakes. On 15 March 2019, fifty one citizens were killed during 2 terrorist attacks at Al Noor Mosque and Linwood Islamic Centre by a white supremacist that come in from from Australia. The terrorist attacks were mentioned by the Prime Minister of New Zealand, Jacinda Ardern as being "One of New Zealand's darkest days".