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Steel Sections That Are Most Common

Steel sections are the bread and butter of steel production. Designers, architects, and engineers choose different profiles based on the aesthetics and quality of their designs – their choice is dictated by size, weight, and profile. Steel is very flexible and can be molded into a variety of shapes.

There are many common steel sections that you will see in steel structures and fabrications and which you will find in structures every day.

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Open sections - SSAB

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From round hollow sections to flat bars, here is a look at the most common steel sections and their common applications.

Angled Sections

Angled structural steel sections can have equal or unequal angles. Both are right-angled, but unequal sections have different sized axes, resulting in L shape. This type of section is much stronger (up to 20% stronger) and has higher strength-to-weight ratios. Angled sections are commonly used in residential construction, infrastructure, mining, and transportation. They come in a variety of lengths and sizes.

Beams with Tapered Flanges

Taper flange beams are I-shaped sections that come in a variety of sizes. These are frequently used in construction for girder cross-sections. Despite their high resistance ratios, they are not usually recommended when there is pressure along their length because they are not torsion (twisting) resistant.

Hollow Circular Sections

Circular Hollow Sections have hollow tubular cross-sections and are far more torsion-resistant than tapered flange beams. Because the thickness of the walls is uniform around the entire circle, these beams are ideal for use with multi-axis loading applications.