Damage to the optic nerve in the eye is known as "Glaucoma" and this eye disease is the leading cause of blindness in the United States today. What Causes This Condition? Usually increased pressure in the eye, known as intraocular pressure (IOP).
Okay, let's take a step back and fully explain this life-changing disease.
Our eyes contain a certain amount of fluid. When the pressure of this fluid increases, it causes pressure on the optic nerve of the eye, damaging it, which is responsible for sending visual messages from the eyes to the brain. The pressure is known as intraocular pressure (IOP). If you are also affected by the use of Elmiron and want a legal advisor then you may search on google about California Elmiron Eye Legal Help.
How is glaucoma tested? The doctor looks directly into the eye, through the pupil. There are numerous tests for glaucoma, namely: Gonioscopy (use of a special lens to see the angle exit channels); Tonometry (test to measure eye pressure); Images of the optic nerve (pictures of the inside of the eye); Pupillary reflex response; Retinal examination; Slit-lamp examination; Visual acuity; Visual field measurement. Your doctor will explain them to you in detail.
If caught early, glaucoma treatment can be very effective; the main goal, however, is to reduce eye pressure. The type of glaucoma you have will invariably decide whether it will be treated with medicine or surgery. In total, there are four main types, namely: angle-closure (acute) glaucoma; Congenital glaucoma; secondary glaucoma; and open-angle (chronic) glaucoma.
Congenital glaucoma runs in families, and people are usually born with it and you will usually notice it when your child is only a few months old. Signs to look out for include cloudiness of the front of the eye, enlargement of one or both eyes, red eyes, sensitivity to light, and tearing.
In almost all cases, this is treated with surgery while the patient is under general anesthesia. If it is diagnosed and treated early, patients will generally have no problems in the future and will only need checkups from time to time.