Fertigation is the kind of conception of fertilizer applied through the irrigation system directly to the plant roots. It is the practice of fertilizing in the most advanced and efficient way. Even the ancient peasant farming practices have been recognized as highly efficient and useful for successful crop production.
The plants can not use all the nutrients because they are not in the root zone of plants, presenting them unavailable. Therefore, best fertigation systems has been shown to be a much better practice to fertilize crops.
Fertigation can be practiced under any irrigation system:
- Sprinkler irrigation
- Surface irrigation
- Drip irrigation
Fertilizer applied with drip irrigation can provide plants with a more uniform distribution of nutrients in the field for more efficient water use.
In addition, drip irrigation does not wet the foliage, thereby reducing the occurrence of disease. In addition, with this type of irrigation, there is no chance of a run-off and the possible effects of wind dropped significantly. The result is a crop quality and high yield, and most importantly, minimal risk of environmental pollution by plant nutrients.
Fertigation is a combination of irrigation and fertilization. To use fertilizers through irrigation pipes, fertilizer injectors must be placed into the irrigation system. It's a simple process that does not require much time. In fertigation, different nutrients can be added to the plant, whether macro or micro. It mainly depends on the type of plant and the plant growth stage.